For the rebuilding of the eardrum which is also call a tympanic membrane & also for the rebuild of the middle ear or Ossicles, a minimal invasive surgery is performed called Tympanoplasty.
How many types of Tympanoplasty is available?
Tympanoplasty can be classified under 5 broad categories:
1. Type I- The mechanism treats the tympanic membrane/eardrum.
2. Type II- This mechanism reconstructs the eardrum and middle ear.
3. Type III- In this mechanism, a surgeon removes the ossicles and epitympanum with issues like malleus or incus.
4. Type IV- The mechanism is conducted to repair movable stapes foot plate and missing cura.
5. Type V- In this mechanism, a surgeon repairs a fixed stapes footplate.
Why is the Surgery carried out?
- The surgery for the eardrum is carried out if a patient has a perforation or hole in his/her eardrum.
- To treat any damage to the bone chain of the middle ear, surgery is performed on the middle ear.
What does the surgical mechanism involve?
- The surgeons can opt between the two approaches.
- In the first procedure, a surgeon can make an incision through the ear canal or by making an incision behind the ear and grafting the affected area.
- An ear surgeon can choose to perform the surgery either under local or general anaesthesia.
- Both the mechanisms are Minimal invasive mechanisms and are conducted within an hour’s time. A patient can be taken care of under day care as well.